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Antti Näyhä

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  1. Takayanagi in Variety: (I assume he means ”push processed”.)
  2. Actually, silent films were frequently projected at a slightly higher speed than they were shot. This was the artistic intention. The speed difference just wasn’t usually as huge as 18-to-24. Kevin Brownlow: Silent Films – What Was the Right Speed? (1980) (See the table at the end of the article.)
  3. Several sepia/amber/golden hues were used on black & white film prints, even though the exact chemicals might not have been the same as in photograph tinting. Check out the articles about Film tinting and Photographic print toning at Wikipedia. Edit: sorry, just realized that you may have been talking about sepia-tinted color prints.
  4. OK, I believe you… but DCI servers / media blocks don’t have DVI outputs nor do they decrypt content. So what you saw must’ve been something else. Perhaps a regular PC or a hard disk media player connected to a D-Cinema projector? This is sometimes done at festivals or special screenings, if a DCP isn’t available.
  5. As said before, any DVI/HDMI device can be directly connected to a D-Cinema projector. However, any cinema that’s properly equipped to handle ”alternative content” (= anything that’s not DCI content) has an external scaler/switcher connected to the projector for more flexibility. The scaler has all kinds of video inputs, both analog and digital. Such cinemas are also able to directly feed their sound system with digital audio from non-DCI sources. For example, the popular Dolby CP750 D-Cinema sound processor has both coaxial and optical inputs for AES3 / S/PDIF audio. Venues with the older CP650 processor (for 35mm compatibility) commonly use a DMA8Plus adapter box to achieve the same thing, although it only accepts up to 5.1 channels. In either case, no need to fiddle with individual amplifiers. I usually also install a box that splits a HDMI signal to separate DVI video and S/PDIF audio outputs. This way, you can conveniently connect any HDMI device to the D-Cinema system with just one cable. Reasons why films aren’t distributed to cinemas on Blu-Ray instead of DCP: 1) Reliability. Blu-Ray is an optical media, and as such it’s just not reliable enough for professional use. It’s extremely prone to scratching, fingerprints, etc. For some reason, optical discs always work at home and test screenings, but will fail in a middle of a screening when there are paying customers in the screening room… Ideally you would always rip any optical disc losslessly to a hard drive before screening, and project it from a computer instead of a Blu-Ray drive. 2) Piracy protection. Phil: DCI content is not decrypted by the media block. The cables you are referring to carry encrypted content, which isn’t decrypted until at the very last stage deep inside the projector. Recording the content is by no means trivial – you are severely underestimating the paranoia of the studios who wrote the spec. ;) Ripping a Blu-Ray, though, is indeed trivial. 3) Quality. Yes, a good Blu-Ray can look (and sound) very good on a properly calibrated D-Cinema system. It’s certainly the best way to enjoy a Blu-Ray movie. But it’s still not quite up to D-Cinema quality due to intra-frame compression, much lower bitrates, narrower color space, etc. And Blu-Ray mastering quality varies a lot. There are a lot of Blu-Ray movies out there that I certainly wouldn’t pay to watch in a cinema.
  6. Also, the blacks are not really crushed (as in ”clipped to absolute black”) in the Blu-Ray screengrabs you showed us. The shadow detail is still there, it’s just graded very dark. Check for yourself in Photoshop.
  7. Same here. I watched it on a calibrated D-Cinema system, having seen 35mm prints of both the 1982 and 1991 versions before. Perhaps if I saw a side-by-side comparison, I might have seen a difference in the color cast… but just watching the Blu-Ray on its own, the only thing I noticed was that how good the whole thing looked. Remember that if there’s just a consistent overall color cast difference between two copies of the same film, our eyes will adjust for it somewhat. Just try staring at a white sheet lit by 6500 °K light for a while, and then quickly move to a room lit by 2700 °K incandescents. Everything looks yellow now, because your eyes have auto-adjusted their white balance to 6500 °K. That’s why side-by-side screengrab comparisons tend to exaggerate color cast differences.
  8. Personally, I was never a fan of the 35mm-to-15/70mm DMR process. If the film was shot on 35mm, I’d rather watch a good 35mm projection of a good print. Or a 4K digital projection. That said, some of the optical, non-DMR 35mm-to-5/70mm blowups I’ve seen have looked really good. When IMAX came up with DMR, they introduced all sorts of digital grain reduction and sharpening. I understand that those things might be unavoidable to make the footage watchable on a 130-foot screen, but I still prefer it on a smaller screen – with nice, natural grain instead of DMR artifacts.
  9. Actually, I suppose that there never was such a thing as a 8/70mm DMR. IMAX DMR is a trademarked process which has only been used for making 15/70mm prints and digital IMAX DCP’s (although I suppose those are two quite different processes really). So the Disney 8/70mm blowups were just… well, blowups.
  10. Brian was talking about Indy 4. There never were IMAX prints of that one, so when he said ”35mm simply blown up”, he probably meant actual 35mm projection on an IMAX screen. No wonder that was soft; it was just a 2K DI film, to make matters worse. All film-based IMAX projectors are 15/70mm. 8/70mm is a separate format, used in science centres etc. and not branded by IMAX, even though a lot of 15/70mm ”science/ride” films also had 8/70mm reduction prints made. Most of the DMR releases of Hollywood blockbusters were always 15/70mm only. Disney made 8/70mm prints of The Beauty and the Beast, Treasure Planet and The Lion King, but those are the only feature films for that format as far as I know. Regarding The Dark Knight Rises, the producer said in December that there will be 40–50 minutes of IMAX-shot footage. Also, there was some talk earlier that Nolan is considering shooting the rest of the film in 5-perf 65mm – I don’t know what’s the latest news on that but it sounds good. B)
  11. At least this article reveals no DI details – only the fact that 6K HMI’s were used. ;) So it seems they also shot some 8/70 mm, and even some Super 35 for the 1.40:1 sequences…
  12. Does anybody know about the post process? Somehow I doubt that they went the Nolan route, but I hope that they at least didn’t ruin their 15/65mm footage with a puny 4K DI (like they did in Transformers 2).
  13. No 3D. 25 or 27 minutes of 15/65mm footage, the exact amount depending on who you ask. Opening next week on 200 IMAX screens a week before the ”regular” premiere – those will be both 15/70mm and digital, so be careful! It looks like the 15/70mm preview screenings will all include the Dark Knight Rises preview, too. (The link only mentions USA and UK, but it will also be playing at the Kiwi IMAX, so I guess that means all 15/70mm screens globally then.
  14. IMDb says it’s estimated at $40M. I read somewhere that they used Vantage’s Hawk V-Lite 16 1.3x anamorphics. The low squeeze factor still gives you the flares, but there is much less distortion in the out-of-focus areas compared to 2x.
  15. Projection lenses are usually within a range of, say, 35 mm and 150 mm. You have to remember that the projected image is also several meters wide. Yes, exactly. The 48 Hz flicker is indeed visible to some people, and because of that, better projectors use three shutter blades to achieve a 72 Hz flicker.
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