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Martin Baumgarten

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About Martin Baumgarten

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    Nizo, Beaulieu, Sankyo, Canon, Nikon, Bolex, Leicina, GAF, Chinon, Revue, Porst, Bauer, Yaschica, Argus, Revere, Kodak
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    Photography, Cinematography, Videography, Filmmaking, Laboratory Still & Cine Processing & other services, Camera & AV Repair, Chrysler, Air Cooled VW, Citroen, camera collecting.

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  1. If using a B&W Reversal film that has that internal antihalation layer, it's usually dissovled in the Bleach stage. Processing it as B&W Neg, I would first wash/soak the film for 1-2 minutes minimum, the Bleach preferably with a Dichromate Bleach formula, but you could also use an E-6 Color Reversal process Bleach. The bleach only affects black metallic silver which has not formed yet, since the film has not been developed. Rinse the film well, at least 3 to 5 minutes in running water, or at least a dozen water changes with agitation per change lasting 1 minute minimum. Then go about processing the film as a Negative normally. Since the antihalation layer has now been broken down by the Bleach, the exposed silver halides will convert normally to black metallic silver, and all soluables will convert out in the Fixer and then be removed by the final wash. This is exactly what has to be done for those wanting to Negative Process the FOMAPAN R-100 Reversal filmstock. FOMA does make a Negative version which would be easier to use, but I'm not sure if they are offering that in movie film formats.
  2. Starting exposure can be determined with a light meter, since you'll know the filmspeed, minus any filtration, and the shutterspeed (use either 8fps or 12fps, if you need to cut the exposure down more vary the light source or use ND filtration Wratter type filter material over the front of the camera. Using a Dichroic Light Head from a color photo enlarger will allow more accurate color filtration control. Due to the work involved here, I recommend setting up your own Control Strips, using a short length of exposed/processed film that was carefully shot and exposed in correct color temp lighting of color chart with gray strips, and splice in a short length of similar type film to dupe. This entire 'test' run doesn't need to be any longer than 5ft to 10ft. If you use an old video camera which has infrared viewing, you can use that on a tripod to observe loading in the dark, so there won't be any fogging from loading; unloading can be done in the dark easier or in a film changing bag. Once processed, you can either plot out your readouts from a densitometer, and/or color correct using viewing filters and work it out that way. With careful note taking, and splicing leader onto the film to be duplicated, you can 'inch' the film in the camera right up to the very first frame of the rawstock/film to dupe, bipack, and then using your notes, and observing the footage frame counters, you can stop the camera and make exposure and/or filter changes at those points. Going even more complex, you could do fades etc. Running the camera at the slower frame rate allows the bipack film to move more easily thru. I also recommend wiping the film gate and pressure plate with a soft cotton flannel cloth that has been moistened with Silicone. This will alleviate any drag on the bipacked film running thru the camera, should you have any issues at all.
  3. Lots of great advice from several folks, really nice to see such helpful comments. For film splicing, unless you have sweaty hands issue, I would just go and wash my hands really well and dry them off well, and make sure they are dry before editing. There are cotton gloves and there are cotton gloves......the better ones allow better dexterity and fit snuggly and also have elastic wrists so they don't slip. I also shoot film primarily for projection. I do suggest these days making a digital backup prior to lots of projection. There are some good film cleaner lubricants out there, and the industrial standard that is used a lot these days is FilmGuard. This has allowed scratch free clean projection of 35mm film prints to extend from the so-called standard run of 300 times to over 1200 times. Although this stuff tends to stay 'wet' on the film so I would only use it on a final fully edited and well spliced final film project. It also has the ability to minimize scratches and tram lines showing so in digital transfer, it would offer the benefits of something more like wet-gate transfer. For Titles, there is so much you can do to make really cool analog titles! One of my favorite methods is to shoot background footage just for titles, such as time lapse clouds etc. Then projecting this via rear projection onto a large milky glass thick plate glass (I have tried various ground glass pieces but there are issues, so unless you can avoid using the main projection lamp and go to LED or a less brilliant light source or cut the light down more, it'll be too bright), anyhow, then using transfer letters rubbed onto document protectors and taped in front of the milky glass plate. This way you can use a variety of fonts. Just mark the corners of the plate glass so you know where to put the title 'cards' each time, make sure the mirror you use is front surface, but not always necessary unless the moving background is sharply delineated. You could also use 35mm slides taken just for your backgrounds. Refilming this with the rear projection will cause some out of synch strobing, but it's slight if you use an XL type Super 8mm camera with a 220 to 230 degree shutter opening and film at 18fps while running the projector also at 18fps. Otherwise, if you want a perfect synch, you'd have to use a fully working ELMO GS-1200 with its ESS setting and a pulse synch generator putting out signal from the Flash Synch terminal on your Super 8mm camera. Also, building a title setup, you can use a darkened room in which the title setup is lit from behind if translucent or front lit, and use a long zoom lens camera, then you can do a zoom in from where the title is very tiny to it filling the frame, for a neat effect. Watch some old films and see how their titles look to get some ideas for making your own. I think it's fun and rewarding, and certainly different than anything digitally generated these days. However, it is possible to design some digitally and then refilm those titles off your monitor using again a XL type camera since with the longer shutter opening any strobing is minimal to none. You can also film as slower than 18fps, in which case you won't see any enough to be bothersome. Scrolling is nice also and can be done with paper titles rolled up and either filmed in real time movement or single framed. And then there's drums which you can put lettering or titles on and rotate for a different look. Years ago there was a nifty unit called the "CINEGRAPHICA Super Imposing Titler" made in Australia which allowed rear projection, mixing of sources and title cards to make interesting titles. There's so many ways to make unique and interesting titles, even those shot on location, using beach sand, stones, sticks, bottles and even childrens' alphabet blocks which could also all be animated using stop motion. Have fun!
  4. Unless you use one of the WEIN zinc air cell batteries, the voltage will be slightly too high and will bias the auto-exposure by as much as 1/2 stop. You could just see if the meter is working at all by using a common 1.5 volt battery cell, and if so, then just set the exposure manually, or use the backlight compensation button (if it has one, I don't recall it's been many years and I have the next model up from yours) which might get you in the ballpark for exposure in auto mode. But as long as you can set it manually, and I believe it requires meter power to do so, then you're good to go.
  5. A repair shop might be able to take on the task of recelling the power supply for you. Or you could alternatively make up your own external power supply and plug it into the camera. This camera was the top of the line and 4rth version of the FAIRCHILD Double 8mm Single-System Sound film cameras. The earlier ones were the single lens model, the triple lens turret version, and the 10mm to 30mm reflex zoom lens version. They all ran at 24fps for magnetic sound recording on pre-striped Double 8mm movie film, and the non-magazine versions held 50ft spools. The only real advantage to the FAIRCHILD 900 was the ability to use the magazine for extended filming. You'd have to locate Double 8mm film in bulk to spool down your own 200ft lengths of film if you actually want to shoot that much. It would be only in silent of course, since pre-striped mag filmstock has long been discontinued. Although, it is possible, though expensive, to have silent stock pre-striped by someone having the capability, or get the gear together to do it yourself. While an otherwise nice looking camera, if you are truly into filming in Standard 8mm, I would consider any one of the nice BOLEX H-8 to H-8RX cameras out there which allow spools of 25ft, 50ft and 100ft in Double 8mm. Alternatively ELMO made a nice Double 8mm that also has a magazine option for holding 100ft spools, with the main camera only using standard 25ft spools. Lots to think about for sure, if you want to get that 900 model into a user.
  6. You should be able to find someone that can repair that battery box for you. Generic battery boxes off eBay made for electronics project power supplies, can be used for parts to adapt to the LEICINA battery box. Also, sheet metal can be cut and shaped to fit into it and connections carefully soldered. There haven't been spares available in many years, and what was available at the time was most likely purchased by LEICINA camera owners to replace theirs or have a spare. Buying a broken camera just to get the battery box would be more expensive than just repairing yours. You might be able to see if Bjorn who repairs BEAULIEUs would take on this repair task for you, if you can't find someone local to help you.
  7. It depends on if you think it's worth it. I'll give you an example: I purchased the previous model NIZO S-800 back in 1974 for $549.00 plus shipping on top of that. In today's dollars adjusted for inflation that's probably somewhere closer to $2,500 or more. IF that camera were built today, it would most certainly cost several times more than what is being asked. Let's breakdown his listing: 1. NIZO S-801 (non-macro, so about 1975+).......$200 to $300 on average in good to excellent condition but his was serviced....NOTE: He does say the 54fps knob setting doesn't work, but the instant slow motion button works fine. Serviced these are often sold anywhere from $350 to $500 and up depending who is selling them. A west coast company would sell this at triple or more. 2. It includes the Ultra Wide III lens which might work okay on this model. They were usually dependant on the macro versions, but at the wide angle setting coupled with this ultra wide negative element lens, it might still work fine. He's selling with it, so he must've tested it out....I'd ask just to make sure. This accessory lens often sells for $80 to $150 in excellent condition. NOTE: He shows that it has some marks on it, but they might not show up in the images. 3. The NIZO aluminum case: sells in the $50 to $100 range, was more new years ago. 4. Includes the Battery Adapters for down converting the 1.5volt cells to 1.35 volts, and these are expensive little buggers, so figure that's worth another $50 to $75. 5. Camera is complete with the so often lost screw in zoom rod to allow smooth manual zooming, snap on lens cap (also often lost), clean working battery box, and large eyecup (the camera sold originally with 2 eyecups, a small one for us eyeglass wearers and the nice light blocking larger one). Camera is also in full working order, aside the 54fps knob setting, with clean glass, viewfinder etc. 6. Skylight Filter, which in the 62mm size is typically in the $15 to $30 range, depending on manufacturer. I repair my own cameras, so I wouldn't pay this much. But I did buy several very expensive Super 8mm cameras brand new back in the day and boy were they expensive. That first NIZO of mine was the same price as a Hasselblad 500cm. So, really, only you can figure if this is worth it to you to buy a camera that was serviced and the seller has excellent 100% feedback. These cameras are more mechanical electrical than electronic, and can usually always be serviced to keep going. They are capable of time lapse filming, and even more so, the capability of long timed exposures per frame from 1/10th second down to 1 minute exposure PER frame. I have filmed under a full moon using KODACHROME years ago and was amazed. Considering inflation, the real cost in dollars is more like $150 for this outfit. If you don't need the other gear, and want just the camera, keep hunting, they show up on eBay fairly often. Even with using the 1.5 batteries for the light meter, it'll work fine in Manual Exposure mode, or meter in Auto, then set to manual to compensate for the voltage bias. If you want Auto Exposure, you'll either have to settle for the Wein 1.4 volt zinc air cells, or end up buying those little adapters which have resisters built in to drop the voltage down. Looking around on eBay I found a few, and also saw this one which is the highest model of the silent NIZO Super 8 cameras: https://www.ebay.com/itm/Braun-NIZO-801-macro-Super8-Movie-Camera/163739774867?hash=item261fa6af93:g:u8MAAOSwpfNdB~~C That one is nearing the $200 mark and could end up selling as high as $275 to $325, which would be a better camera, albeit not serviced but working fine as stated by the seller, and you'd save HALF. Again, only you can decide here factoring all the information. Good luck on your decision!
  8. You can build a simple film processing rack out of plexiglass (even wood, but it would have to sealed up so it's liquid proof) and use a 20 inch x 24 inch photo processing tray or similar type container. Or you could build a rotating film rack that will also serve as your film drying rack afterwards. It will use a smaller container for your chemistry. I have processed virtually all film types, both still and cine using DIY and professional equipment, as well as machines in my long career in this field. There are some that use the Caffenol Developer formula for processing old films as Black & White Negative with some YouTube and Vimeo videos available out there to look at. Anyhow, building a simple to use rack will avoid all the film scratching you'll get by wadding it all up into a still film processing tank, bucket or other containers where the film surfaces will rub against itself. And also avoid any unprocessed regions, which can be spotty where the emulsion doesn't receive any chemistry. You can always email me for more details if you'd like. Not sure how much space I should take up here in this forum.
  9. Hi, great that you want to process the films yourself. I have to ask, which processing method are you intending to use? Rewind Tank, Spiral Reel etc? Due to the severe age of the film, unless it has been stored frozen since new, it will have severe age fog. The filmspeed will have dropped as well. I wouldn't consider Rewind Processing since residual chemistry would build image density working against you, and you want more precise processing control due to the old nature of the films. I wouldn't attempt reversal processing unless you do a snip test first off each one to see how it responds. If doing a Reversal Snip Test, you only need to remove a short amount, such as a foot or two or less. Just make sure this portion has been exposed. If you can shoot an average scene and include a Gray Card in it, that will help as well, or a Color Chart, or Gray Scale Chart. In the reversal process, pull the First Developer time down from the normal 6 minute (average) range to 2.5 minutes. Make sure to Pre-Soak/Wash your film for a good minute or two before preceeding, actually 5 minutes would be fine. Chances are though, that Reversal Processing will fair extremely poor, with lots of cloudy mottling in the images, low contrast etc, perhaps very washed out density unless you are able to get it down via time and temperature dropping to compensate. Your tests should let you know. Do NOT shoot the entire roll, just the snip test portion. In fact, if you have a subminiature 16mm camera, use that for your tests, or you could use a 35mm SLR type camera, just taping the film to the takeup spool, since your film length is so short, there won't be any real slippage of the film since the sprockets are advancing it, just the tug on the takeup spool. A foot of film should allow you to take at least 3 to 5 shots, fine for this test. You could then, cut each film snip test into 2 segments and store them in 35mm Kodak type plastic film cans since they are dark, seal with tape and mark them as to what they are. This will allow you to conduct a Reversal Process Test of each film and a Negative Process Test. This way, you'll be way ahead and have a good idea how the film is and which way would be best to proceed. For the Negative Process test, I recommend any strong B&W Developer with high contrast similar to KODAK D-19 (ILFORD Phenisol is the equivalent), or a B&W Photo Paper Developer similar to Dektol if nothing else in the higher contrast area is available. Use this for all 3 film types, since it's only to create a B&W Negative of usable density. At least doing Negative, should the films have dropped to a very low filmspeed sensitivity and have severe age fogging, the higher contrast developer will 'clear' up the image somewhat for you, and you can experiment with exposure and processing times. For the Color Reversal ones, it will be tricky here, since these films were made prior to when films were had Prehardened emulsions. So, unless you can chemically preharden them prior to the processing, your best bet is to use a room temperature process. UniColor E-6 3-Step will work fine at room temp. Do NOT go over 80F, stay in the 72F to 75F range, with all liquids, washes etc. Give each film a long presoak of 5 minutes. I also recommend using a B&W Rapid Hardening Fixer in the end for at least 5 - 8 minutes. You can use it to replace the E-6 Kit Fixer. This will insure the emulsion is hardened for later handling protection. Okay, for processing, follow the room temp guidelines.....for all solutions except the First Developer, cut that one down 2/3rds from what is recommended. The First Developer determines the image density (speed) and with the age of the film, not doing so will usually cause the film to look nearly clear as all the silver halides will have mostly converted to black metallic silver, leaving you with not enough silver to create the Positive Image. Once the Bleach converts all this black metallic silver to silver bromide, and is removed by the Fixer...the film will look blank. The goal is to avoid that. Again, testing will be necessary to find the usable range for each film. So keep good notes for yourself. ORWO and SVEMA of that era were made under the regimes of that era, which utilized different color reversal technology, especially the Color Developers. So it would be hard to match without some manipulation. However, this won't apply here since the film is so old and has to be processed with compensation. EKTACHROME color reversal films of this era usually yield a severe green or cyan look with sometimes traces of other colors. These eastern European films will yield a purplish or magenta range, could even be orange. It has to do with their film layers, film technology, and in which direction the dye couplers have faded/failed. Since you stated that you're up for weird color effects, that's what you'll get, if anything. In the end....if Color Reversal doesn't work out at all or anywhere near acceptable for you, the default process for all photographic film is B&W Negative processing. At least from there, you can get something. You could experiment and attempt B&W Reversal processing of these 2 color films, if you wanted to, but I doubt it would be worthwhile. Lastly, now IF for some reason, these films were stored frozen since new....then they would have to be processed more along 'normal' ranges of course. Anyhow, once you have your test results, if unusable at all, make some more, until you get in the range of usability. Then mark you film cans as to how to expose and process, and you'll be all set to shoot. I know it's a bit of work initially, but if you just go ahead and shoot the entire film on something, and can't get anything usable, you'll have just totally wasted your time, defeating the goal of having cheap film to use. I wish you the best of success in your endeavor!
  10. It would really help you out to read over the procedure in the instruction/owner's manual. Anyhow, the film core spindle does not rotate in the lap dissolve function. It remains stationary so the film is forced into a slack loop inside the cartridge, then after the auto fade out to full black, the rewind process begins to pull the film back out of the take up side of the cartridge via pushing the film backwards into the supply side of the cartridge. Many of the Super 8mm Sound cameras could only do lap dissolves with Sound Film Cartridges, not Silent ones, However, the CANON 1014XLS will do lap dissolves with both film types. Here's a link to a free manual download, it's best you read over the procedure rather than I rewrite it all, especially since you'll have photos to view the controls on the camera as well. http://www.super8camera.com/manuals/canon-814xls-1014xl-s-manual.pdf The Lap Dissolve will fade out the image while filming, then stop, then rewind the film, and at that point you depress the trigger again to film the next scene/shot. Once this second part of the process is engaged, the core take up will advance the film again. Do NOT press the Trigger/Shutter Release while the film is rewinding. Also, the instruction manual doesn't state this, but it's also quite possible that the functions will not operate normally unless a cartridge is in the film chamber. On many cameras, the cartridge depresses button or two in the chamber to let the camera know film is present. Another button lets the camera know a sound cartridge is present so that the capstan recording mechanism is activated. If you have an empty Super 8mm cartridge to use for testing, no actual film is affected, so that would let you play with the mechanism testing if the camera doesn't behave correctly without a cartridge present. Hope this helps.
  11. The SPIRATONE FishEye Lens is an adapter lens. It requires an adapter so it'll fit onto a 'normal' focal length lens (based on 35mm camera standards, thus 50mm to 58mm range focal length). The mount on the lens is where the appropriate filter thread adapter is screwed onto. So, in order to use this on your BEAULIEU, you'd have to first fit a 50mm still camera lens to the camera, then this lens to that via the adapter ring. These rings for the SPIRATONE are harder to locate now, usually were sold with the lens. You can hunt on eBay for it possibly. Since the Circle-of-Illumination produced by a 50mm still camera lens is much larger than that needed for Super 8mm format, you will most likely end up with a full frame Fisheye effect or possibly just very wide angle. You could try using a wider lens, such as 35mm or 28mm, but it will take a little experimentation to sort it out. IF you were to attach this to the zoom lens of your BEAULIEU then you'll have to factor in the added weight, and might want to make some kind of support for it. Just to get in the ballpark of what might work, you could just hold it front of your zoom lens (use some kind of spacing rings etc or careboard cutout to avoid hitting your front optic!), and adjust the zoom lens down to around 15mm and go from there to see which focal length works best for a Full Frame Fisheye effect.
  12. I would gently spray some Silicone spray around the lens mount. Hopefully it will make the electric pins slippery enough to slip out of the detents so you can unscrew the lens. It will also require some force to remove. The worst that can happen is that the electric pins become damaged. The only other way around this is to disassemble the front standard of the camera if possible, or disassemble the lens from the outside if possible (not all lenses come apart this way though, some require disassembly from the mount). The silicone can be removed. Once the lens is removed, you could just tape over the pins to avoid this issue in the future using some thin packing tape. Good luck!
  13. If I really wanted to shoot in the Single/Straight 8mm format, I think I would buy one of the EKRAN 8mm cameras. These all are well made, as their QUARZ counterparts in the Double 8mm and DS8 formats, which have mechanical systems similar to the BOLEX Double 8mm cameras. Most have interchangeable lenses and various features. The drawback of course is loading the magazines, but it isn't that difficult, and you can practice with some scrap film. I would just buy several magazines and have them loaded up and ready to use. You'll have the best of both worlds, easy loading, as well as have the film in the Single/Straight 8mm format you desire. I do have to agree with Simon here, Double 8mm cameras would be easier to use for several reasons. However, if the postage weren't so high, I would be interested in getting one of the Ekran cameras myself to play around with one day. Whichever you decide, I wish you the best of success!
  14. Universal Camera Company of New York made the UniveX Cine-8 cameras, single 8mm cameras using small spools that held about 30ft of film, so 9.14 meters. These cameras are very small, easy to work with and yes, you can slit Double 8mm film and fill up empty spools yourself if you are careful. One of their cameras even has the option to run either Straight 8mm or Double 8mm film. This single strand 8mm film was also called Single 8mm (which of course is NOT the same as the FUJI format). There were several that offered this format, most were in a reloadable film magazine/cartridge. Unless you could get several of these to reload, it would be a slower process to shoot, remove the film and reload the cartridge, but it can be done, even on location using a film changing bag. The REVERE Camera Company of Chicago, Illinois also made a Single 8mm model many years ago. The drawback to using the UniveX Cine-8 cameras is the lack of available accessory lenses. These cameras used their own screw mount design making it difficult to fit anything to these cameras unless you could ever locate an adapter or have one machined. A lot of the unique rare accessories are in the hands of collectors. The better lenses are the Univar one (made by Wollensak), an F/2.7 and the rarer F/1.9, so look for those, rather than try to use the extremely slow F/5.6 Ilex lens which came standard on many of their cameras. Also these cameras only run at 16 frames per second, with the exception of the CineMaster-8 models (these use both Double 8mm and Single-8mm films) which run at 16, 24 and 36fps. However, all of these cameras are now very old and most would require a cleaning & lubrication to make them run well. I have also noted that the cover door body castings tend to warp slightly after 60+ years on some, not all. The Model A-8 has a simple flip up aerial viewfinder on top, but the Model C-8 has an optical viewfinder going through the camera body minimizing any parallax. These cameras were designed to be low cost so that the average person could enjoy taking home movies on 8mm film, so there are various shortcomings: lack of a wind down shutoff governor so the camera will slow down at the end of a winding, lack of many lenses and the few made are difficult to locate (no wide angle lenses were made either), and lack of running speeds other than 16fps and no Single Frame option, very slow standard lenses (with the faster F/1.9 ones being rare).Other than that, they are pretty well made and are quite heavy despite being so tiny (due to the metal castings and spring clockwork motor). These cameras and spools show up on eBay here in the USA all the time. Many were made during the manufacturing years of 1938 to 1952, and some still sold a couple years after that.
  15. Many here may not agree, but I feel there really isn't any need to shoot Super 8mm film at 24fps over the 'normal' rate of 18fps. The quality increase is so minor that it's not really necessary for anything but the most demanding imaging. 18fps is gentler on the film during projection as well. Even in digital transfer, the difference between 18fps and 24fps isn't that significant to ever get me to shoot at 24fps. And I have seen and also shot many films in full 2x Anamorphic CinemaScope at 18fps and they are sharp, steady, and just look great even when projected onto a 24ft, and 32ft projection screens. With the higher cost of Super 8mm film these days, that extra 50 seconds at 18fps is wonderful to have. It gives you more running time from these small cartridges, as well as lowers the overall cost of any project. I'm saddened that the cost of the 'new' EKTACHROME 100D is so expensive, but then all film costs have jumped up significantly in recent years. I've been in analog based photography all my life, so I will continue to shoot film when I can. However, I think I'd have a harder time coming into the film world just looking at the cost of everything. With some films, processing, shipping costs, and transfer, it can cost nearly $100 for one cartridge of Super 8mm which is insane. This is another reason I advocate for every Super 8mm film enthusiast to do as much of their own work as possible: processing and transfers. Unless you're working on a 'serious' professional grade project or one that you're being paid for, there is no need to have to pay the high costs that are being charged by some labs. I fully appreciate the operating costs of the available labs which tend to be in expensive areas where taxes to exist are high. Since these days, most films are shipped to a lab anyhow, there's no reason a lab can't move to a lower cost part of the country and pass on these lower costs to their customers, but that's another topic. So, go ahead and shoot your Super 8mm films at 18fps and have a blast. The cameras and film were initially designed around this standard to yield excellent results and they will still deliver such results when used carefully. I do shoot some moving scenes at 24fps since it smooths out the bumps and motion when projected at 18fps, but the film is still intended to be shown at 18fps since the rest of it is shot that way. Operating at low cost in Super 8mm doesn't mean lack of quality. The 8mm formats have always been so often a DIY film making experience. Lastly, I do hope Double Super 8mm or Super 8mm in bulk form will be made so it can be purchased and loaded at a much lower cost per cartridge by others as well as do it yourselfers.
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